Industrial, Agriculture & Water

In 2006, the Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) formed an Industrial Demand Response Team to investigate opportunities and barriers to implementation of Automated Demand Response (Auto-DR) in California Industries. Auto-DR supports all DR direct control, bidding, and pricing options. Auto-DR is an open, interoperable internet-based signaling communication and technology platform designed to:

  • Provide customers with automated, electronic price and reliability signals;
  • Provide customers with capability to automate customized site-specific DR strategies;
  • Automate demand response, providing utilities with dispatchable operational capability similar to conventional generation resources.

This research relies on previous research and capabilities in Auto-DR developed by DRRC for the commercial sector. Implementing Auto-DR in industrial sectors presents a number of challenges, both practical and perceived. Some of these include: the wide variation in loads and processes across sectors and even within sectors, resource-dependent loading patterns that are driven by outside factors such as customer orders or time-critical processing (e.g. tomato canning), the perceived lack of control inherent in the term "Auto-DR", and aversion to risk, especially unscheduled downtime.Developing a greater understanding of the magnitude and practical application of Auto-DR is particularly timely. The market for energy management controls or energy enterprise management is still quite immature, but emerging rapidly. Early entries into this market have focused largely on load management, but these same tools and strategies, if DR enabled, hold significant promise for integration into an Auto-DR framework. Similarly, the emergence of higher quality system level network controls provide the missing link that would allow much tighter management of energy end use, and thus both greater opportunities for demand response as well as higher overall energy efficiency. The complete integration of load management, demand response, and energy efficiency across an entire industrial plant may be within reach of many plants within the next decade. Under this scenario, even plants without any onsite generation capability could, under pre-determined conditions, automatically free up electricity to the grid in order to preserve the reliability and/or manage the cost of delivering electricity statewide while maintaining the economic health of their businesses.

Finnish translation: