DRRC is active in a wide range of collaborations to further the integration of automated demand response into the marketplace and the grid. DRRC works with sponsors, other researchers, stakeholders and facility operators on targeted research projects; and contributes to expanding automated demand response technology market implementations and standards by collaborating with industry associations, standards bodies and research associations. Some of DRRC’s collaborations are highlighted below.
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Researching Automated Demand Response's Role
DRRC researchers collaborate with a wide range of sponsors, collaborators, and entities to discuss and research the role of automated demand response and renewable integration with the grid. Within LBNL, DRRC, part of the Grid Integration Group and the Energy Technology Area, collaborates on research with other LBNL researchers from the Electricity, Markets and Policy Group, the Energy Storage and Distributed Research Division and the Building Technologies and Urban Systems Division. The California Energy Commission’s Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program funded the creation of the DRRC in 2004 – DRRC conducts broad research into demand response for PIER’s Energy Systems Technology Integration, Buildings and Industrial, Agricultural and Water Programs. California utilities, state agencies outside of California, the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Defense fund separate DRRC research activities. The DRRC also conducts funded research for international organizations and entities.
DRRC works extensively with California's Investor Owned Utilities (PG&E, SCE and SDG&E) to develop, implement and evaluate automated demand response (AutoDR) programs in their service territories. As AutoDR programs have matured, DRRC has continued their involvement with assisting the utilities in program implementation and evaluation. With PG&E, DRRC is exploring the requirements and success of the transition of OpenADR 1.0 sites to the OpenADR 2.0 protocols in the PG&E service territory, identifying and evaluating demand response evaluation tools. SDG&E's Innovation Center is hosting tests of new OpenADR 2.0 communications and control technologies. As part of SCE's efforts to evaluate the impact of the SONGS shutdown, DRRC is providing support in terms of evaluation of demand potential and training on DRRC's tools such as the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT). DRRC researchers are also collaborating with PG&E on evaluating charging patterns for plug-in electric vehicles to determine their potential as a demand response research, evaluating demand response analysis tools currently in the marketplace, developing an Agricultural Irrigation Demand Response Estimation Tool for use by PG&E account managers, and the Intermittent Renewable Management Pilot Phase 2 (IRM2) focused on integrating demand-side resources into the California Independent System Operator (CAISO) market to coordinate with renewable integration.
DRRC researchers collaborate with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to evaluate the potential of automated demand response on cold winter mornings in the Pacific Northwest, funded by Bonneville Power Authority, the potential and market barriers to integrating demand response and energy storage for ancillary services and renewable integration (four laboratory effort – NREL, LBNL, ORNL and Sandia), and participating in DOE’s discussions and planning regarding research and implementation relating to grid integration and building technologies.
DRRC researchers collaborate with the U.S. Department of Defense in two key areas – implementation of automated demand response at military bases and integration of electric vehicles into the grid.
DRRC's work with NYSERDA to evaluate event-driven demand response, price response, and demand management signals conveyed via OpenADR is one example where OpenADR has expanded to meet the needs of the marketplace. In the international marketplace, DRRC researchers collaborate with research and governmental entities in India, Japan, Korea, China and beyond to further the development and implementation of automated demand response, OpenADR, and integration of renewables and Smart Grids.
Furthering Automated Demand Response in the Marketplace
DRRC is active with a wide range of organizations to further the use of automated demand response in the marketplace. As a founding member of the OpenADR Alliance, DRRC participates in furthering the adoption of OpenADR in the marketplace and is active in the development, conformance testing and market adoption of OpenADR 2.0. DRRC researchers attend and present their research at many conferences, some of which include ASHRAE, ACEEE, CABA, Distributech, EPRI, ESource, ETCC, EUCI, Grid-Interop, Grid Week, ICEBO, LightFair, NCBC, and UCAIug.